Plato Aristotle First Mover

Plato (left) holding Timaeus with Aristotle (right) holding EthicsPlato (c. 427–c. 347 BCE) in The Laws, argued that the motion in the universe must be attributable to a first cause.

The argument is one of a family of cosmological arguments. All are fraught with problems.

Plato argues, that the first cause of motion initiated all the motion in the universe. He called this principle, 'soul' or 'life'. Further, any cause that was the ultimate cause must itself be unmoved by anything else–an unmoved mover or, in Aristotle's parlance, a prime mover.

Aristotle (c. 384–322 BCE), in Metaphysics, also proposed the idea of a first cause, which is often referred to as the "Prime Mover" or "Unmoved Mover" (the πρῶτον κινοῦν ἀκίνητον or primus motor). Aristotle describes the unmoved mover as being perfectly beautiful, indivisible, and contemplating only the perfect contemplation: itself contemplating.

The Persian philosopher, Avicenna (c. 980–1037 CE) , Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Sīnā, or Ibn Sina also created a variation of this argument.

cosmological argument , Aristotle, Plato,

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